with Disabilities Act
Federal civil rights legislation passed
in 1990 to help provide more fully accessible transportation
services for the elderly and disabled.
BPM Best Practices
NYMTCís travel forecasting model.
CAA Clean Air Act
Federal legislation that requires each state with areas that have
not met federal air quality standards to prepare a State
Implementation Plan, or SIP.
Mitigation/Air Quality Improvement Program
Federal funds for
projects to help reduce congestion and improve air quality, both
in regions not yet attaining federal air quality standards and
those engaged in efforts to preserve their attainment status.
A process in which transportation plans and spending
programs are reviewed to ensure that they are consistent with
federal clean air requirements; transportation projects
collectively must not worsen air quality.
EJ Environmental Justice
The fair treatment of people of all races, cultures,
incomes, and educational levels with respect to the development
and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations and policies.
Fair treatment implies that no population should be forced to
shoulder a disproportionate share of exposure to the negative
effects of pollution due to lack of political or economic
Federal department responsible for
researching and setting national standards for environmental
quality. The EPA works with other federal, state, local and
regional agencies to issue permits, monitor compliance and enforce
FHWA Federal Highway Administration
U.S. Department of
Transportation agency responsible for administering the federal
highway aid program to individual states, and helping to plan,
develop and coordinate construction of federally funded highway
projects. FHWA also governs the safety of hazardous cargo on the
nationís highways. A non-voting member of NYMTC.
Federal Transit Administration
Department of Transportation agency that provides financial and
planning assistance to help plan, build, and operate rail, bus and
paratransit systems. The agency also assists in the development of
local and regional traffic reduction programs. Advisory member of
The technical term for a carpool
lane, commuter lane or diamond lane.
The term "mode" is used to refer to and distinguish from each other the various forms of transportation,
such as automobile, transit, ship, bicycle and walking. Intermodal
refers specifically to the connections between modes.
ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
Intelligent Transportation Systems
innovations that apply communications and information processing
to improve the efficiency and safety of surface transportation
LIB MTA Long Island Bus
MTA subsidiary that operates bus service in Nassau, Western
Suffolk and Eastern Queens Counties.
LIRR MTA Long Island
MTA affiliate that provides commuter rail service to
and from Long Island, Queens and Brooklyn.
MHS TCC Mid-Hudson
South Transportation Coordinating Committee
for the region that includes Rockland, Putnam and Westchester
MIS Major Investment Study Analysis of major corridor or sub-areas required by
ISTEA and TEA-21 legislation.
MNR MTA Metro-North Railroad
MTA affiliate operating a commuter railroad that
services the Bronx, Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland and
Westchester Counties in New York State and Fairfield and New Haven
Counties in Connecticut.
A federally required planning body
responsible for the transportation planning and project selection
in its region; the governor designates an MPO in every urbanized
area with a population of over 50,000.
The major mass transit operator in
the region. A voting NYMTC member and voting member of each TCC.
the availability of multiple transportation options, especially
within a system or corridor.
MTA affiliate which operates many toll bridges
and tunnels in New York City.
Environmental Policy Act
NJTPA North Jersey
Transportation Planning Authority
The MPO for the 13-county
northern New Jersey region.
NYCDEP New York City
Department of Environmental Protection
responsible for protecting and preserving the environment of New
York City and its upstate watersheds. Operates the Cityís
wastewater treatment facilities, water mains and sewers, manages
asbestos and hazardous materials mitigation and collects water and
sewer fees. Advisory member of NYMTC.
NYCDOT New York City
Department of Transportation
Agency responsible for
maintenance and operation of certain highways and oversight of
ferry operations in New York City. Voting member of NYMTC.
NYCT New York City Transit
MTA affiliate providing
rapid rail and surface (bus)
service within New York City.
NYC TCC New York
City Transportation Coordinating Committee
for the region that includes the five boroughs of New York City.
NYMTC New York
Metropolitan Transportation Council
MPO designated by the
governor for the New York metropolitan region.
NYSDEC New York
State Department of Environmental Conservation
Responsible for administration and enforcement of the
Environmental Conservation Law, directed toward protecting and
enhancing the environment. Advisory member of NYMTC.
NYSDOT New York
State Department of Transportation
Voting NYMTC member and
voting member of each TCC.
NYSTA New York State
Operator of the New York State Thruway,
Tappan Zee Bridge, I-84 and I-87. Voting member of MHS TCC.
Authority of New York and New Jersey
Bi-state port and
transportation facility operator. Advisory member of NYMTC and
PATH Port Authority
Rail subsidiary of PANY&NJ
transportation link between Manhattan and New Jersey.
Finance and Administration Committee
immediately below the Council level.
regional office responsible for state transportation matters in
the lower Hudson Valley.
regional office responsible for state transportation matters on
regional office responsible for state transportation matters in
New York City.
Blueprint to guide the regionís
transportation development for a 25-year period and updated every
three years, it is based on projections of growth and travel
demand coupled with financial projections. Required by state and
SIR MTA Staten Island
MTA affiliate operated by NYCT that operates a rapid
transit line serving the southern coastal portion of Staten
SEQRA New York State
Environmental Quality Review Act
NYS legislation requiring
the review of the potential environmental impacts of proposed
A vehicle with one occupant, the driver, who is
sometimes referred to as a "drive alone."
Representative from community planning, environmental,
transportation, educational and economic groups.
Low-cost ways to reduce demand by
automobiles on the transportation system, such as programs to
promote telecommuting, flextime and ridesharing.
TEA 21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st
Passed by Congress in May 1998, this federal
transportation legislation retains and expands many of the
programs created in 1991 under ISTEA. Reauthorizes federal surface
transportation programs for six years (1998-2003), and
significantly increases overall funding for transportation.
TIP Transportation Improvement Program
This is the primary
spending plan for federal funding expected to flow to the region
from all sources for transportation projects of all types. It
covers at least a three-year period.
U.S. DOT United States Department
The federal cabinet-level agency with
responsibility for highways, mass transit, aviation and ports;
headed by the secretary of transportation. The DOT includes the
Federal Highway Administration and the Federal Transit
Administration, among others. There are also state DOTs.
VMT Vehicle Miles Traveled
The more cars there are on the road at the same time in the same
area, the worse congestion will be. This term helps pin down the
numbers. Reducing the growth of VMT can help ease traffic
congestion and improve air quality.